BANGLADESH

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Official Name The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Government Parliamentary form of government, headed by Prime Minister
Geographical Location Latitude between 20o34′ and 26o38′ NorthLongitude between 88o01′ and 92o41′ East
Area/Land 147,570 sq. km. mostly alluvial fertile plain. Territorial Waters 22.22 km. Economic Zone up to 370.40 km.
Borders North – India (West Bengal & Meghalaya), West – India (West Bengal),East – India (Tripura & Assam) and Myanmar, South – Bay of Bengal.
Seasons Summer, Monsoon, Autumn, Late Autumn, Winter & Spring.
Climate Winter 11o C – 20o C (October – February)Summer 21o C – 38o C (March – September).
Annual Rainfall Varies from 110 cm to 340 cm at different areas.
Standard Time GMT +6 hours
Population / Literacy 145 million / 60%
Language Bangla (National Language) spoken by 95%, other dialects 5%,English is widely understood and spoken.
Capital Dhaka, Area 1416 sq. km
Administrative Units Division:6; Zila:64; Thana:507; Union:4484; Village:87319
Major Cities Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Rajshahi, Barisal, Rangpur etc
Airports Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Jessore, Rajshahi, Iswardi, Cox’s Bazar,Syedpur and Barisal.
International Airports Dhaka, Sylhet and Chittagong
Sea Ports Chittagong and Mongla
Places of tourist interest

 

 

 

 

Colourful tribal life of Hill Tracts, World’s largest and longest sea beach at Cox’s Bazar, Kuakata and Parky sea beach, Foy’s Lake, Dulahajra safari park, Sitakund echo park at Chittagong, century old historical sites at Dhaka, Pharpur, Moinamati, Mohastangar, Sundarban the home of Royal Bengal Tiger and world’s largest mangrove ferest, lashgreen tea gargens of Sylhet, riverine life etc.
Banking hour Sunday- Thursday (10:00 am – 4:00 pm)
Business Hours Government Office Hours : 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m. Sunday-Thursday,Friday & Saturday closed. Some Private business houses work on Saturday
Currency Taka, having 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 & 1 in Notes; 5, 2 & 1 in Coins.
Exchange Rate Floating Exchange Rate : US$ 1 = Taka 75.00, Euro 1.00=Tk 85.00
Religion Muslims – 86.6%, Hindus – 12.1%, Buddhists – 0.6%, Christians – 0.4% and others 0.3%
Sectoral share of GDP 21.91% Agriculture, 28.44% Industry, 49.65% Service.
GDP/rate of growth US$100 billion /6.12% (2013-14)
Per Capita GDP/GNI US$1,314 (2015)
Principal Industries Garments, Tea, Ceramics, Cement, Leather, Jute, Textiles, Electric and Electronics, Medicine, Fishing.
Principal Crops Rice, Jute, Tea, Wheat, Sugarcane, Pulses, Mustard, Potato, Vegetables.
Annual Export / Import US$30.2 billion / US$ 34.08 billion (2013-2014)
Major Exports Garments, Knitwear, Frozen Foods (Shrimps), Jute & Jute products,Leather & Leather products, Tea, Ceramics, Textile products etc
Major Imports Oil, edible oil, petroleum product, wheat, seeds, fertilizer, yarn etc.
Major trading partners USA, EU countries, China, India, Pakistan, Japan, South Korea, Canada, Australia, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, hailand, Indonesia,Saudi Arabia and UAE
Information Technology Country Domain: .bd ; Internet Penetration: 4.46 crores (29% of population)Mobile Users: 12 crores, 37 lakhs (March 2015), Mobile Penetration: 80% of the population

Global Ranks of Bangladesh

  • 8th largest country in the world in terms of population
  • 4th largest Muslim country in the world in terms of population and 3rd largest Muslim majority country
  • 7th most densely populated country and the most densely populated country in the world having more than 10 million populations
  • Situated on the Ganges Delta, the largest delta in the world and also the largest wetland in the world
  • Cox’s Bazaar is the longest natural sandy sea beach in world
  • 2nd largest garments exporter in the world
  • Largest producer of Jute (2nd largely grown vegetable fiber in the world)
  • Sundarbans (hosted by both Bangladesh and India) has the largest mangrove forest in the world

(Source: Bangladesh government website, Ministry of Finance, Bangladesh and Bangladesh Economic Review)